The Family Story of Tadeusz sKalski and Jozefata Kaklewlska start from the 18th century POLAND
THE FAMILY STORY OF TADEUSZ SKALSKI AND WIFE JOZEFATA KAKLEWSKA start from the 18th century POLAND
The story of Tadeusz sKalski and his wife Jozefata Kaklewska from Pniewo, Podlaskie, Poland begins with Tadeusz sKalski who was born in a small village called Rybitwa (at present named as Rybitew), located in the Leoncin, Mazowieckie, Poland along the Kampinos National Forest. They were my fourth great -grandparents.
The family ancestral home Rybitwa – Rybitew location on the planed with Google Maps:
The Kampinos National Forest was and still is a unique complex of inland dunes and wetlands, natural plant communities, rich fauna and numerous monuments of Polish history and culture. It is situated in the glacial valley of the Vistula River, in the western part of the Warsaw Basin and it covers an area of 38,544.33 hectares, of which 72 ha belong to the Ignacy Moscicki Bison Breeding Center.
Tadeusz parents, Maciej sKalski and Zofia Katarzyna Janiszewska, both peasants, were married in February 1780 in Rybitwa and Tadeusz was born in October 1780. When Tadeusz was four-years-old, in 1784 his father moved him and his mother to Kampinos, a four hour walk through the Forest from Rybitwa. It was in Kampinos that his sister Katarzyna was born in 1784, his sister Barbara in 1786, and his brother Jan in 1792.
Around 1792, at the age of 12, Tadeusz began his career as a weaver in Kampinos. He would have started his journey as an apprentice studying and learning from a Master Weaver. He was allowed to become a Journeyman only after several years learning the trade. Once recognized as a Journeyman, Tadeusz would have worked his trade in the local area for an additional 4 to 5 years before being granted the title of Master Weaver.
In Poland local weavers came forward to fill the need for everyday items. They would take flax, cotton, and wool and convert them from tangled masses into orderedly, precise fabrics ranging from simple linens for shirts and shifts to blankets, towels, dyed wool for needlework, and stout woolens for military uniforms. As an apprentice, Tadeusz would have learned all the aspects of weaving. As a journeyman he would have worked alongside other journeyman and the Master and continued learning and exercising more independence in demonstrating his skills. After years of training and perfecting his art, Tadeusz would have been recognized as a Master Weaver. A Master Weaver would be the foreman and teacher of journeyman and apprentices in the area.It is recorded that by 1811, Tadeusz was a foreman of the Thracian concession.
Between 1792 and 1806, Maciej moved his family Pniewo, Podlaskie, Poland on the edge of the Lomza National Landscape Park. This journey would have taken the family walking about 3 days to complete. We know that the family moved before 1807 because Tadeusz was a witness at his sister Barbara marriage to Ludwig Draminski in Pniewo in 1807. Tadeusz was living with his parents and was working as a weaver in the community when on 31 January 1808, Maciej sKalski died suddenly and unexpectedly at the age of 65.
Three years after his father’s death, Tadeusz met and fell in love with Jozefata Kaklewska from Pniewo. She was the daughter of Benedykt Kaklewski and Jozefata Katarzyzna Suchlos who were living in Pniewo. Jozefata’s exact birth location and year of birth is unknown, however, based upon the marriage age and the location where the family was living during that timeframe, it is most likely she was born in Tluchowo, Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Poland around 1792. Her parents were peasants, and her father was a day laborer who moved the family several times before settling in Pniewo.
Prior to marrying Jozefata, Tadeusz had to declare his intentions to the community by posting his intentions three times at the door of the Community House. Once all the formalities were met including Section Six in the title of the Napoleonic Code of Marriage, the marriage took place on Wednesday, 30 October 1811 at 3 pm. Tadeusz, 32 years old, married Jozefata, 18 years old by Rev. Matthew Międzydziecki parish priest of Puchalska Parish registrar. In addition to friends, both Jozefata’s parents, her sister Marianna and brother-in-law Maciej Wasowski were at the wedding.
The online magazine Cultural.pl, described a traditional Polish wedding:
“For centuries, Polish weddings were celebrated with a long church ceremony that included only close friends and family and abided by many superstitions. For example, to preserve her good luck, the bride had to wear closed-toe shoes (so that luck doesn’ t escape through the toes), avoid pearls (as they bring a lifetime of misery) and be careful not to trip over her veil or look back when she walked down the aisle. Traditionally, weddings were held only during ‘good luck months’ – those that contained the letter R in their Polish names such as March ( March ), June ( June ), August ( August ), September ( September ), October ( October ) and December ( December). When the newlyweds exited the church, Polish guests showered them with grain, though later on that was switched to coins – both to bring good fortune.” You can view more at:
After the wedding, the records show that Tadeusz and Katarzyna moved to Krzewo, Podlaskie, Poland which is a five hour walk West through the Lomza National Forest. There they settled and had eight children with their eldest son, Jan Franciszek sKalski, my 3rd great-great grandfather, was born in 1813. The other children were Josef in 1816, Marianna in 1819, Franciszek in 1822, Piotr in 1823, Pawel in 1826, Stanislaw in 1827 and Paulina in 1830.
The following link shows a few abandoned 18/19 Century homes in rural Poland along a dirt road. You can imagine this might be like where Tadeusz and his family lived.
Jozefata’s father and mother most have returned to Janczewo, from Pniewo, because on Wednesday, 27 February 1818 at 1 pm, in house #4, Benedykt Kaklewski died at the age of 60. Jozefata remained in the home until her death Monday, 14 January 1828 at the age of 70.
A short five months after his eldest son, 18-year-old Jan sKalski, a woodsman by trade, married 16-year-old Helena Golebiewska, Tadeusz sKalski died on Thursday July 21, 1831 at 8 am in his home, house #11, in Krzewo, Podlaskie, Poland, at the age of 59. About a year after Tadeusz death, Jozefata met and married Walenty Zegnowski and moved to Zelechy, Podlaskie, Poland where they had three children, the last, Katarzyna was born in 1839 the same year Jozefata died in Zelechy, Podlaskie, Poland. Here is a link to the cemetery:
My many thanks to Marta Chojnowska, from the Diocese of Lomza for her time and invaluable research that contributed to my being able to write this story. My many thanks to Tadeusz Wysocki, from https://narodowa.pl/ for his encouragement, direction and kindness and to Barb_Oslo who provided excellent and timely translations of several documents I posted on: https://Forums.polishorigins.com
Photo: An old, abandoned home from the 19th c. Kampinos National Forest – source open Internet